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United States

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended:

December 31, 2019

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from _______________ to _______________

 

Commission

File No.

Name of Registrant, State of Incorporation, Address

of Principal Executive Offices, and Telephone No.

IRS Employer

Identification No.

000-49965

MGE Energy, Inc.

(a Wisconsin Corporation)

133 South Blair Street

Madison, Wisconsin 53788

(608) 252-7000| mgeenergy.com

39-2040501

000-1125

Madison Gas and Electric Company

(a Wisconsin Corporation)

133 S Blair Street

Madison, Wisconsin 53788

(608) 252-7000| mge.com

39-0444025

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:

 

 

 

Title of Class

 

Trading Symbol

Name of Each Exchange on which Registered

MGE Energy, Inc.

Common Stock, $1 Par Value Per Share

MGEE

The NASDAQ Stock Market

 

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(g) OF THE ACT:

 

 

Title of Class

Madison Gas and Electric Company

Common Stock, $1 Par Value Per Share

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrants are well-known seasoned issuers, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

MGE Energy, Inc. Yes ☒ No Madison Gas and Electric Company Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrants are not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

MGE Energy, Inc. Yes ☐ No Madison Gas and Electric Company Yes ☐ No

 

 

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrants (1) have filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrants were required to file such reports) and (2) have been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

MGE Energy, Inc. Yes ☒ No Madison Gas and Electric Company Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrants have submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrants were required to submit and post such files):

MGE Energy, Inc. Yes ☒ No Madison Gas and Electric Company Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

 

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

MGE Energy, Inc.

Madison Gas and Electric Company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by checkmark if the registrants have elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial reporting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

MGE Energy, Inc.Madison Gas and Electric Company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).

MGE Energy, Inc. Yes ☐ No Madison Gas and Electric Company Yes ☐ No

 

The aggregate market value of the voting and nonvoting common equity held by nonaffiliates of each registrant as of June 30, 2019 was as follows:

 

MGE Energy, Inc.

$2,504,763,455

Madison Gas and Electric Company

$0

 

The number of shares outstanding of each registrant's common stock as of January 31, 2020, were as follows:

 

MGE Energy, Inc.

34,668,370

Madison Gas and Electric Company

17,347,894

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of MGE Energy, Inc.'s definitive proxy statement to be filed before April 28, 2020, relating to its annual meeting of shareholders, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this annual report on Form 10-K.

 

Madison Gas and Electric Company meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction (I)(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-K and is therefore omitting (i.) the information otherwise required by Item 601 of Regulation S-K relating to a list of subsidiaries of the registrant as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(b), (ii.) the information otherwise required by Item 6 relating to Selected Financial Data as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(a), (iii.) the information otherwise required by Item 10 relating to Directors and Executive Officers as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(c), (iv.) the information otherwise required by Item 11 relating to executive compensation as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(c), (v.) the information otherwise required by Item 12 relating to Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(c), and (vi.) the information otherwise required by Item 13 relating to Certain Relationships and Related Transactions as permitted by General Instruction (I)(2)(c).

 


 

Table of Contents

 

 

Filing Format4

Forward-Looking Statements4

Where to Find More Information4

Definitions, Abbreviations, and Acronyms Used in the Text and Notes of this Report5

PART I.7

Item 1. Business.7

Item 1A. Risk Factors.15

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.23

Item 2. Properties.24

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.25

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures26

PART II.26

Item 5. Market for Registrants' Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.26

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.28

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.29

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk48

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.54

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.108

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.108

Item 9B. Other Information.108

PART III.109

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance.109

Item 11. Executive Compensation.109

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.109

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.109

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.110

PART IV.111

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.111

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.114

Signatures - MGE Energy, Inc.119

Signatures - Madison Gas and Electric Company120

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Filing Format

 

This combined Form 10-K is being filed separately by MGE Energy, Inc. (MGE Energy) and Madison Gas and Electric Company (MGE). MGE is a wholly owned subsidiary of MGE Energy and represents a majority of its assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and operations. Thus, all information contained in this report relates to, and is filed by, MGE Energy. Information that is specifically identified in this report as relating solely to MGE Energy, such as its financial statements and information relating to its nonregulated business, does not relate to, and is not filed by, MGE. MGE makes no representation as to that information. The terms "we" and "our," as used in this report, refer to MGE Energy and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless otherwise indicated.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report, and other documents filed by MGE Energy and MGE with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) from time to time, contain forward-looking statements that reflect management's current assumptions and estimates regarding future performance and economic conditions—especially as they relate to economic conditions, future load growth, revenues, expenses, capital expenditures, financial resources, regulatory matters, and the scope and expense associated with future environmental regulation. These forward-looking statements are made pursuant to the provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "could," "should," "intend," "will," and other similar words generally identify forward-looking statements. Both MGE Energy and MGE caution investors that these forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected, expressed, or implied.

 

The factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements made by a registrant include (a) those factors discussed in Item 1A. Risk Factors, Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, Footnote 16. Commitments and Contingencies, and (b) other factors discussed herein and in other filings made by that registrant with the SEC.

 

Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this report. MGE Energy and MGE undertake no obligation to release publicly any revision to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report, except as required by law.

 

Where to Find More Information

 

The public may read and copy any reports or other information that MGE Energy and MGE file with the SEC at the SEC's public reference room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. The public may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. These documents also are available to the public from commercial document retrieval services, the website maintained by the SEC at sec.gov, MGE Energy's website at mgeenergy.com, and MGE's website at mge.com. Copies may be obtained from our websites free of charge. Information contained on MGE Energy's and MGE's websites shall not be deemed incorporated into, or to be a part of, this report.

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Definitions, Abbreviations, and Acronyms Used in the Text and Notes of this Report

 

Abbreviations, acronyms, and definitions used in the text and notes of this report are defined below.

 

MGE Energy and Subsidiaries:

CWDCCentral Wisconsin Development Corporation

MAGAELMAGAEL, LLC

MGEMadison Gas and Electric Company

MGE EnergyMGE Energy, Inc.

MGE PowerMGE Power, LLC

MGE Power Elm RoadMGE Power Elm Road, LLC

MGE Power West CampusMGE Power West Campus, LLC

MGE ServicesMGE Services, LLC

MGE State Energy ServicesMGE State Energy Services, LLC

MGE TranscoMGE Transco Investment, LLC

MGEE TranscoMGEE Transco, LLC

North MendotaNorth Mendota Energy & Technology Park, LLC

Other Defined Terms:

ACEAffordable Clean Energy

AFUDCAllowance for Funds Used During Construction

ANRANR Pipeline

AROAsset Retirement Obligation

ATCAmerican Transmission Company LLC

ATC HoldcoATC Holdco, LLC

Badger Hollow IBadger Hollow I Solar Farm

Badger Hollow IIBadger Hollow II Solar Farm

BARTBest Available Retrofit Technology

BlountBlount Station

BSERBest System of Emissions Reductions

BTABest Technology Available

CAAClean Air Act

CAVRClean Air Visibility Rule

CCRCoal Combustion Residual

CO2Carbon Dioxide

codificationFinancial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification

ColumbiaColumbia Energy Center

Cooling degree daysMeasure of the extent to which the average daily temperature is above 65 degrees Fahrenheit, which is considered an indicator of possible increased demand for energy to provide cooling

COSOCommittee of Sponsoring Organizations

CPPClean Power Plan

CSAPRCross-State Air Pollution Rule

CWAClean Water Act

DthDekatherms

EEIEdison Electric Institute

EGUsElectric Generating Units

electric marginElectric revenues less fuel for electric generation and purchase power costs, a non-GAAP measure

ELGEffluent Limitations Guidelines

Elm Road UnitsElm Road Generating Station

EPAUnited States Environmental Protection Agency

FASBFinancial Accounting Standards Board

FERCFederal Energy Regulatory Commission

Forward WindForward Wind Energy Center

FTRFinancial Transmission Rights

GAAPGenerally Accepted Accounting Principles

gas marginGas revenues less cost of gas sold, a non-GAAP measure

GHGGreenhouse Gas

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heating degree days (HDD)Measure of the extent to which the average daily temperature is below 65 degrees Fahrenheit, which is considered an indicator of possible increased demand for energy to provide heating

ICFInsurance Continuance Fund

IPCCIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRSInternal Revenue Service

kVAKilovolt Ampere

kWhKilowatt-hour

MISOMidcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc. (a regional transmission organization)

MROMidwest Reliability Organization

MWMegawatt

MWhMegawatt-hour

NAAQSNational Ambient Air Quality Standards

NasdaqThe Nasdaq Stock Market

NERCNorth American Electric Reliability Corporation

NNGNorthern Natural Gas Company

NOVNotice of Violation

NOxNitrogen Oxides

NYSENew York Stock Exchange

PCBsPolychlorinated Biphenyls

PGAPurchased Gas Adjustment clause

PJMPJM Interconnection, LLC (a regional transmission organization)

PMParticulate Matter

PPAPurchased power agreement

PSCWPublic Service Commission of Wisconsin

RECRenewable Energy Credit

RERRenewable Energy Rider

RiversideRiverside Energy Center in Beloit, Wisconsin

ROEReturn on Equity

RTORegional Transmission Organization

SaratogaSaratoga Wind Farm

SCRSelective Catalytic Reduction

SECSecurities and Exchange Commission

SIPState Implementation Plan

SO2Sulfur Dioxide

the StateState of Wisconsin

Stock PlanDirect Stock Purchase and Dividend Reinvestment Plan of MGE Energy

Tax ActTax Cuts and Jobs Act

Two CreeksTwo Creeks Solar Farm

UWUniversity of Wisconsin at Madison

VIEVariable Interest Entity

WCCFWest Campus Cogeneration Facility

WDNRWisconsin Department of Natural Resources

WEPCOWisconsin Electric Power Company

working capitalCurrent assets less current liabilities

WPDESWisconsin Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

WPLWisconsin Power and Light Company

WPSCWisconsin Public Service Corporation

WRERAWorker, Retiree and Employer Recovery Act of 2008

XBRLeXtensible Business Reporting Language

6


 

PART I.

 

Item 1. Business.

 

MGE Energy operates in the following business segments:

 

Regulated electric utility operations – generating, purchasing, and distributing electricity through MGE.

 

Regulated gas utility operations – purchasing and distributing natural gas through MGE.

 

Nonregulated energy operations – owning and leasing electric generating capacity that assists MGE through MGE Energy's wholly owned subsidiaries MGE Power Elm Road and MGE Power West Campus.

 

Transmission investments – representing our investment in American Transmission Company LLC, a company engaged in the business of providing electric transmission services primarily in Wisconsin, and our investment in ATC Holdco LLC, a company created to facilitate out-of-state electric transmission development and investments.

 

All other – investing in companies and property that relate to the regulated operations and financing the regulated operations, through its wholly owned subsidiaries CWDC, MAGAEL, MGE State Energy Services, North Mendota, and Corporate functions.

 

MGE's utility operations represent a majority of the assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and operations of MGE Energy. MGE Energy's nonregulated energy operations currently include an undivided interest in two coal-fired generating units located in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, which we refer to as the Elm Road Units, and an undivided interest in a cogeneration facility located on the Madison campus of the University of Wisconsin, which we refer to as the West Campus Cogeneration Facility or WCCF.

 

As a public utility, MGE is subject to regulation by the PSCW and the FERC. The PSCW has authority to regulate most aspects of MGE's business including rates, accounts, issuance of securities, and plant siting. The PSCW also has authority over certain aspects of MGE Energy as a holding company of a public utility. FERC has jurisdiction, under the Federal Power Act, over certain accounting practices and certain other aspects of MGE's business.

 

MGE Energy's subsidiaries are also subject to regulation under local, state, and federal laws regarding air and water quality and solid waste disposal. See "Environmental" below.

 

MGE Energy was organized as a Wisconsin corporation in 2001. MGE was organized as a Wisconsin corporation in 1896. Our principal offices are located at 133 South Blair Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53788, and our telephone number is (608) 252-7000.

 

Electric Utility Operations

 

MGE distributes electricity in a service area covering a 264 square-mile area of Dane County, Wisconsin. The service area includes the city of Madison, Wisconsin. It owns or leases ownership interests in electric generation facilities located in Wisconsin and Iowa.

 

As of December 31, 2019, MGE supplied electric service to approximately 155,000 customers, with approximately 90% located in the cities of Fitchburg, Madison, Middleton, and Monona and 10% in adjacent areas. Of the total number of customers, approximately 87% were residential and 13% were commercial or industrial.

 

 

 

 

 

 

7


 

Electric retail revenues for 2019, 2018, and 2017 were comprised of the following:

 

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

Residential

 

34.8%

 

35.4%

 

33.5%

 

 

Commercial

 

53.2%

 

52.3%

 

53.2%

 

 

Industrial

 

3.2%

 

3.6%

 

4.0%

 

 

Public authorities (including the UW)

 

8.8%

 

8.7%

 

9.3%

 

 

Total

 

100.0%

 

100.0%

 

100.0%

 

 

Electric operations accounted for approximately 71.9%, 71.8%, and 73.6% of MGE's total 2019, 2018, and 2017 regulated revenues, respectively.

 

See Item 2. Properties for a description of MGE's electric utility plant.

 

MGE is registered with North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and one regional entity, the Midwest Reliability Organization (MRO). The essential purposes of these entities are to develop and implement regional and NERC reliability standards and determine compliance with those standards, including enforcement mechanisms.

 

Transmission

 

American Transmission Company LLC (ATC) was formed by Wisconsin-based utilities who were required by Wisconsin law to contribute their transmission facilities to it in 2001 and is owned by those utilities and their affiliates. ATC's purpose is to provide reliable, economic transmission service to all customers in a fair and equitable manner. ATC plans, constructs, operates, maintains, and expands transmission facilities that it owns to provide adequate and reliable transmission of power. ATC is regulated by FERC for all rate terms and conditions of service. ATC is also regulated by the PSCW for some aspects of its governance and is a transmission-owning member of the MISO.

 

Regional Transmission Organizations (RTO)

 

MISO

MGE is a nontransmission owning member of the MISO. MISO, a FERC-approved RTO, is responsible for monitoring the electric transmission system that delivers power from generating plants to wholesale power transmitters. MISO's role is to ensure equal access to the transmission system and to maintain or improve electric system reliability across 15 U.S. states and the Canadian providence of Manitoba.

 

MISO maintains a bid-based energy market. MGE offers substantially all of its generation on the MISO market and purchases much of its load requirement from the MISO market in accordance with the MISO Tariff. MGE participates in the ancillary services market operated by MISO. That market is an extension of the existing energy market in which MISO assumes the responsibility of maintaining sufficient generation reserves. In the ancillary services market, MISO provides the reserves for MGE's load, and MGE may offer to sell reserves from its generating units.

 

MGE participates in the voluntary capacity auction, which provides an optional monthly forum for buyers and sellers of aggregate planning resource credits to interact. Load serving entities such as MGE may participate in the voluntary capacity auction potentially to obtain the necessary aggregate planning resource credits needed to meet their planning reserve margin requirement established by the PSCW. Generator owners may participate to sell any excess aggregate planning resource credits.

 

PJM

MGE is a member of PJM. PJM, an RTO, is a neutral and independent party that coordinates and directs the operation of the transmission grid within its area of coverage, administers a competitive wholesale electricity market, and plans regional transmission expansion improvements to maintain grid reliability and relieve congestion.

 

 

 

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Fuel supply and generation

 

MGE satisfies its customers' electric demand with internal generation and purchased power. MGE's current fuel mix for generation will fluctuate from year-to-year due to fuel pricing in the market, generating unit availability, weather, and customer demand. MGE has a responsibility to its customers to dispatch the lowest cost generation available pursuant to regulatory requirements.

 

During 2019, 2018, and 2017, MGE's electric energy delivery requirements were satisfied from the following fuel sources:

 

 

(in MWh)

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

Coal

 

1,751,224

 

1,869,981

 

1,821,381

 

 

Natural gas

 

501,093

 

492,291

 

390,359

 

 

Renewable sources(a)

 

470,716

 

373,271

 

429,492

 

 

Fuel oil

 

695

 

578

 

491

 

 

Purchased power - other(b)(c)

 

762,894

 

836,741

 

816,464

 

 

Total fuel sources

 

3,486,622

 

3,572,862

 

3,458,187

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjusted total fuel sources(c)

 

3,807,652

 

3,842,502

 

3,685,279

 

 

(a)Includes both internal generation and purchased power.

(b)Includes third-party purchased power and MISO market activity. A significant percentage of MGE's electric supply comes from internal generation sources. MGE supplements this internal generation with long-term purchase power agreements and spot purchases in the MISO market.

(c)The MISO market consists of two energy markets, the Day-ahead market and the Real-time market. The table above nets purchases and sales within the same hour in the two MISO markets. For the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017, 321,030 MWh, 269,640 MWh, and 227,092 MWh, respectively, was netted between the Day-ahead and the Real-time MISO markets. These amounts are reflected in "Adjusted total fuel sources."

 

MGE's Energy 2030 framework describes our plan for growth in renewables generation. This growth is expected to continue as legacy fossil fuel-fired generation assets are retired and replaced with renewables, such as wind and solar assets. The transition or displacement of coal-fired resources is ongoing and active.

 

MGE's carbon intensity is expected to decrease as our use of coal decreases over time. This is due in part to our investments in the following renewable generation resources: Saratoga (wind), which became operational in February 2019; Two Creeks (solar) and Badger Hollow I (solar), which are expected to come online in 2020; and Badger Hollow II (solar), which is expected to come online by the end of 2021.

 

Beyond 2030, MGE's goals are aligned with those of the scientific community, specifically the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which has recognized the need to hold an increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels to significantly reduce the risks and most adverse impacts of climate change. IPCC further recognized that holding global average temperature rise to the more aggressive scenario, (1.5°C), requires CO2 emissions to reach net-zero around 2050. Consistent with that objective, MGE is targeting net-zero carbon electricity by 2050. The above solar and wind projects are a major step toward deep decarbonization and greater use of clean energy sources, in pursuit of our net-zero carbon goal. Additionally, MGE plans to continue to reduce its use of fossil fuels and work to help customers with energy efficiency and electrification, including transportation.

 

MGE is working to achieve a more sustainable energy future using cost-effective renewable generation technologies for customers. The renewable energy rider and shared solar programs reduce MGE's carbon emissions while providing customers the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet their energy needs.

 

Renewable Energy Rider (RER) – Under this program, MGE partners with large energy users on customized renewable energy solutions to meet their specific energy needs. MGE will own the generation assets and RER customers are billed a contractual renewable resource rate for all costs associated with the construction and ongoing operations of the renewable generation facility. This contractual rate is approved by the PSCW and subject to terms and conditions specified in the renewable energy rider rate schedule. The program entitles RER customers to the entire energy output of the renewable energy resource. MGE will continue to recover the distribution system costs related to the energy consumed by these customers. MGE has received PSCW approval

9


 

for a 1.5MW RER project (Morey Field) and is currently awaiting approval on a separate 9MW project (Dane County Airport). MGE is actively working on additional RER projects for approximately 27 MW and expects to file for PSCW approval in the near future.

 

Shared Solar Program – This program provides an opportunity for eligible customers to add locally-generated solar to their energy mix without having to install solar panels on their premises. The first solar array associated with this program, owned by MGE, became operational in 2017 and was fully subscribed for its capacity value of 500 KW. MGE recently received PSCW approval to expand the program to a second solar facility will be owned by MGE, which adds 3.5 MW of capacity to the program. Construction on the Shared Solar Program expansion is expected to be completed in 2020.

 

Since 2015, MGE has announced several new utility-scale wind and solar projects, including Saratoga, Forward Wind, Two Creeks, Badger Hollow I & II, and other RER and shared solar facilities. These projects will be operational by the end of 2021 or are, in the cases of Saratoga, Forward Wind, and certain shared solar facilities, currently operational. For the period from 2015 to 2021, the growth in MGE's owned renewable generation capacity as a result of these projects is expected to be over 600%.

 

Generation sources

MGE receives electric generation supply from coal-fired, gas-fired, and renewable energy sources. These sources include owned facilities as well as facilities leased from affiliates and accounted for under our nonregulated energy operations. See Item 2. Properties for more information regarding these generation sources, including location, capacity, ownership or lease arrangement, and fuel source. See "Nonregulated Energy Operations" below for more information regarding generating capacity leased to MGE by nonregulated subsidiaries.

 

Purchased power

MGE enters into short and long-term purchase power commitments with third parties to meet a portion of its anticipated electric energy supply needs. The following table identifies purchase power commitments as of December 31, 2019, with unaffiliated parties for the next five years.

 

 

(Megawatts)

 

2020

 

2021

 

2022

 

2023

 

2024

 

 

Purchase power commitments

83

 

83

 

33

 

30

 

30

 

 

Gas Utility Operations

 

MGE transports and distributes natural gas in a service area covering 1,684 square miles in seven south-central Wisconsin counties. The service area includes the city of Madison, Wisconsin and surrounding areas.

 

As of December 31, 2019, MGE supplied natural gas service to approximately 163,000 customers in the cities of Elroy, Fitchburg, Lodi, Madison, Middleton, Monona, Prairie du Chien, Verona, and Viroqua; 25 villages; and all or parts of 48 townships. Of the total number of customers, approximately 90% were residential and 10% were commercial or industrial. Gas revenues for 2019, 2018, and 2017 were comprised of the following:

 

 

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

2018

 

2017

 

 

Residential

59.5%

 

59.4%

 

59.6%

 

 

Commercial

35.8%

 

35.8%

 

35.8%

 

 

Industrial

1.1%

 

1.6%

 

1.3%

 

 

Transportation service and other

3.6%

 

3.2%

 

3.3%

 

 

Total

100.0%

 

100.0%

 

100.0%

 

 

Gas operations accounted for approximately 28.1%, 28.2%, and 26.4% of MGE's total 2019, 2018, and 2017 regulated revenues, respectively.

 

MGE can curtail gas deliveries to interruptible customers. These are customers who agree to reduce their load in the case of an emergency interruption. Approximately 3% of retail gas deliveries in 2019 and 2018 and approximately 4% in 2017 were to interruptible customers.

 

 

10


 

 

Gas supply

 

MGE has physical interconnections with ANR Pipeline Company (ANR) and Northern Natural Gas Company (NNG). MGE's primary service territory, which includes Madison and the surrounding area, receives deliveries at one NNG and four ANR gate stations. MGE's outlying territory receives deliveries at NNG gate stations located in Elroy, Prairie du Chien, Viroqua, and Crawford County. Interconnections with two major pipelines provide competition in interstate pipeline service and a more reliable and economical gas supply mix, which includes gas from Canada and the mid-continent and Gulf Coast regions of the United States.

 

During the winter months, when customer demand is high, MGE is primarily concerned with meeting its obligation to customers. MGE meets customer demand by using firm supplies under contracts finalized before the heating season, supplies in storage (injected during the summer), and other firm supplies purchased during the winter period.

 

By contract, a total of 5,927,332 Dth of gas can be injected into ANR's storage fields in Michigan from April 1 through October 31. These gas supplies are then available for withdrawal during the subsequent heating season, November 1 through March 31. Using storage allows MGE to buy gas supplies during the summer season, when prices are normally lower, and withdraw these supplies during the winter season, when prices are typically higher. Storage also gives MGE more flexibility in meeting daily load fluctuations.

 

MGE's contracts for firm transportation service of gas include winter maximum daily quantities of:

 

175,650 Dth (including 106,078 Dth of storage withdrawals) on ANR.

65,828 Dth on NNG.

 

Nonregulated Energy Operations

 

MGE Energy, through our subsidiaries, has developed generation sources that assist MGE in meeting the electricity needs of our customers. These sources consist of the Elm Road Units and the WCCF, which are owned by subsidiaries of MGE Energy and leased to MGE. See Item 2. Properties for a description of these facilities, their joint owners, and the related lease arrangements.

 

Transmission Investments

 

ATC owns and operates electric transmission facilities primarily in Wisconsin. MGE received an interest in ATC when it, like other Wisconsin electric utilities, contributed its electric transmission facilities to ATC as required by Wisconsin law. That interest is presently held by MGE Transco, which is owned by MGE Energy. As of December 31, 2019, MGE Transco held a 3.6% ownership interest in ATC.

 

In 2016, ATC Holdco was formed by several of the members of ATC, including MGE Energy, to facilitate electric transmission development and investments outside of Wisconsin. MGE Energy's ownership interest in ATC Holdco is held by MGEE Transco, a wholly-owned subsidiary. As of December 31, 2019, MGEE Transco held a 4.4% ownership interest in ATC Holdco. In the near term, it is expected that ATC Holdco will be pursuing transmission development opportunities that typically have long development and investment lead times before becoming operational.

 

Environmental

 

MGE Energy and MGE are subject to frequently changing local, state, and federal regulations concerning air quality, water quality, land use, threatened and endangered species, hazardous materials handling, and solid waste disposal. These regulations affect the manner in which we conduct our operations, the costs of those operations, as well as capital and operating expenditures. Regulatory initiatives, proposed rules, and court challenges to adopted rules, have the potential to have a material effect on our capital expenditures and operating costs. In addition to the regulations discussed below, MGE continues to track state and federal initiatives such as potential state and federal regulations governing surface water and/or groundwater containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, potential changes to regulations governing polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), potential

11


 

changes to air and water standards, and potential climate change legislation.

 

Water Quality

 

EPA's Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for Steam Electric Power Generating Point Source Category

In November 2015, the EPA published its final rule setting Effluent Limitations Guidelines (ELG) for the steam electric power generating industry. The ELG rule establishes federal limits on the amount of metals and other pollutants that can be discharged in wastewater from new and existing steam electric generation plants. The rule will be applied to Wisconsin-based power plants as they renew their WPDES permits, no later than 2023. The operators of the Columbia and Elm Road Units have indicated that equipment upgrades may be necessary to comply with the current discharge standards.

 

In November 2019, the EPA published proposed modifications to the ELG rule that if finalized would, among other things, revise overall technology-based effluent standards and discharge limits for flue gas desulfurization wastewater and bottom ash transport water. The proposed rule would also add subcategories with specific standards for high-flow and low-use boilers, and revise standards for boilers that will retire by 2028.

 

MGE is currently evaluating the proposed rule modifications for applicability to the Columbia and Elm Road Units. Until the modifications are finalized, MGE will not know with any certainty if and how any final rule may impact operations. Management believes that any compliance costs will be recovered in future rates based on previous treatment of environmental compliance projects.

 

EPA Cooling Water Intake Rules (Section 316(b))

Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act requires that the cooling water intake structures at electric power plants meet best available technology standards so that mortality from entrainment (drawing aquatic life into a plant's cooling system) and impingement (trapping aquatic life on screens) are reduced. The EPA finalized its Section 316(b) rule for existing facilities in 2014. Section 316(b) requirements are implemented in Wisconsin through modifications to plants' WPDES permits, which govern plant wastewater discharges.

 

The WCCF, Blount, and Columbia plants are considered existing plants under this rule. The WCCF facility already employs a system that meets the Section 316(b) rule. Future best technology available (BTA) requirements at Blount and Columbia will be based on the results of water intake studies at the respective plants and will be specified in the next permits expected to be issued in 2023 or later. MGE expects that the Section 316(b) rule will not have a material effect on its existing plants. Management believes that any compliance costs will be recovered in future rates based on previous treatment of environmental compliance projects.

 

Air Quality

 

Air quality regulations promulgated by the EPA and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) in accordance with the Federal Clean Air Act and the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 impose restrictions on emission of particulates, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), hazardous air pollutants and other pollutants, and require permits for operation of emission sources. These permits must be renewed periodically. Various newly enacted and/or proposed federal and state initiatives may result in additional operating and capital expenditure costs for fossil-fueled electric generating units.

 

Ozone NAAQS

In May 2018, the EPA issued a final rule designating the northeast portion of Milwaukee County as being in nonattainment with Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The Elm Road Units are located in Milwaukee County, outside the designated nonattainment area. In August 2018, several environmental groups, the City of Chicago, and the State of Illinois filed federal lawsuits challenging several of the EPA's attainment designation decisions, including the EPA's partial Milwaukee County designation as being too narrow and not sufficiently protective. MGE is monitoring the outcome of this lawsuit and how it may affect the Elm Road Units in Milwaukee County. See Footnote 16 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for additional information.

 

EPA's Cross-State Air Pollution Rule: Proposed Ozone Season Update based on 2008 Ozone NAAQS

The EPA's CSAPR and its progeny are a suite of interstate air pollution transport rules designed to reduce ozone

12


 

and fine particulate (PM2.5) air levels in areas that the EPA has determined are being significantly impacted by pollution from upwind states. This is accomplished in the CSAPR through a reduction in SO2 and NOx from qualifying fossil-fuel fired power plants in upwind or "contributing" states. NOx and SO2 contribute to fine particulate pollution and NOx contributes to ozone formation in downwind areas. Reductions are achieved through a cap and trade system. Individual plants can meet their caps through modifications and/or buying allowances on the market. CSAPR has been subject to ongoing legal challenges.

 

In September 2019, the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld the legal argument that the EPA cannot provide a partial remedy to the Clean Air Act's "Good Neighbor Provision," which addresses interstate transport of pollutants from upwind states to downwind states. Under the current rule, the EPA was not holding upwind states to the same attainment deadlines as the downwind states that they impacted. The court indicated that this leniency on the upwind states effectively causes downwind states to miss attainment deadlines or over comply to meet deadlines. The court remanded the rule to the EPA without vacating it. No deadline has been set for the EPA to revise the rule. Wisconsin is considered an upwind state under CSAPR and is potentially impacted by rules that the EPA will develop to address this remand.

 

MGE has met its CSAPR obligations through a combination of reduced emissions through pollution control (e.g. SCR installation at Columbia), as well as owned, received, and purchased allowances. Uncertainty remains around CSAPR due to legal challenges; however, MGE expects that it will meet ongoing CSAPR obligations for the foreseeable future. MGE will continue to monitor developments in EPA revisions after the remand and any ongoing litigation over this rule.

 

Clean Air Visibility Rule (CAVR)

Columbia is subject to the best available retrofit technology (BART) regulations, a subsection of the EPA's CAVR, which may require pollution control retrofits. Columbia's existing pollution control upgrades, and the EPA's stance that compliance with the CSAPR equals compliance with BART, should mean that Columbia will not need to do additional work to meet BART requirements. At this time, however, the BART regulatory obligations, compliance strategies, and costs remain uncertain in Wisconsin due to the continued legal uncertainty regarding CSAPR and CAVR. MGE will continue to monitor developments to this rule.

 

Global Climate Change

 

MGE is a producer of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, primarily from the fossil fuel generating facilities it uses to meet customers' energy needs, as well as from its natural gas pipeline system and fleet vehicles. Climate change and the regulatory response to it could significantly affect our operations in a number of ways, including increased operating costs and capital expenditures, restrictions on energy supply options, operational limits on our fossil fuel fired plants, permitting difficulties, and emission limits. MGE management would expect to seek and receive rate recovery of such compliance costs, if and when required. MGE continues to monitor proposed climate change legislation and regulation.

 

MGE has taken steps to address GHG emissions through voluntary actions. In 2005, MGE implemented its Energy 2015 Plan, which committed to ensuring a balanced, economic energy supply with reduced environmental emissions. The Plan emphasized increased renewable energy, energy efficiency, and new cleaner generation – three strategies that reduced GHG emissions. Under the Plan and other actions, our CO2 emissions declined from 2005 to 2015 by approximately 20% even though total system delivered energy increased. In 2015, MGE announced its Energy 2030 framework that continues steps to reduce CO2 emissions. Subject to regulatory approvals and other conditions, MGE aims to increase renewable energy to 25% of retail electric sales by 2025 and to 30% by 2030. Under our Energy 2030 framework, we will also work to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% from 2005 levels by 2030. Beyond 2030, we are targeting net-zero carbon electricity by 2050.

 

EPA's Greenhouse Gas Reduction Guidelines under the Clean Air Act 111(d) Rule

In July 2019, the EPA published a final Affordable Clean Energy (ACE) rule to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from existing coal-fired EGUs. The ACE rule directs states to submit plans to the EPA for approval that implement standards of performance (called Best System of Emissions Reductions, or BSER) for individual coal-fired EGUs over 25 MW. The ACE defines BSER as on-site “inside the fenceline,” heat-rate efficiency improvements. Under the ACE rule, states have the primary role in developing standards of performance that result from the application of BSER. The EPA has not provided a standard of performance that it will deem presumptively acceptable in a state plan but

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urges states to provide full justification for each component of their plans for the EPA to evaluate BSER on a unit-by-unit basis. States have three years to develop and submit compliance plans to the EPA. The EPA will have a year to review and approve those plans. States are then given 24 months from the approval date to implement the rule and can extend the compliance schedule for units that meet progress milestones.

 

The ACE rule will apply to Columbia and the Elm Road Units. EGUs compliance with the ACE rule may not be required until 2024 or later. MGE is currently evaluating how this rule may impact operations and monitoring state activity on BSER development. Until the State of Wisconsin develops a plan that is accepted by the EPA, MGE will not be able to determine the final impact of the rule. Additionally, the ACE rule is subject to a legal challenge pending in the United States District Court of the District of Columbia. MGE will continue to evaluate the rule development within the state and monitor ongoing and potential legal proceedings associated with the rule. See Footnote 16 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for additional information.

 

Solid Waste

 

EPA's Coal Combustion Residuals Rule

The EPA's 2015 Coal Combustion Residuals Rule (CCR) regulates coal ash from burning coal for the purpose of generating electricity as a solid waste and defines what ash use activities would be considered generally exempt beneficial reuse of coal ash. The CCR rule also regulates existing, modified, and new landfills, ash ponds, and other surface impoundments used for coal combustion residuals by regulating their design, location, monitoring, and operation.

 

Review of the Elm Road Units has indicated that the costs to comply with this rule are not expected to be significant. Columbia's operator is continuing to evaluate options to meet the rule requirements.

 

In July 2018, the EPA published a final rule that included amendments to the CCR. The amendments include the allowance of alternative performance standards for landfills and surface impoundments, revised risk-based groundwater protection standards, and an extension of the deadline by which certain facilities must cease the placement of waste in CCR units. In August 2018, the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit vacated parts of the 2015 CCR for not being sufficiently protective of the environment. In December 2019, the EPA introduced a proposed rule to revise some of the closure standards that are in the 2015 CCR Rule. MGE is currently evaluating the newly proposed rule revision for applicability to our units.

 

In 2015, MGE recorded an asset retirement obligation for its share of the legal liability associated with the effect of the CCR. Actual costs of compliance may be different than the amount recorded due to potential changes in compliance strategies that will be used, as well as other potential cost estimate changes. MGE will continue to monitor final rule modifications to assess potential impacts on our operations.

 

Columbia

 

Columbia Clean Air Act Litigation

Columbia is a coal-fired generating station operated by WPL and in which WPL, WPSC, and MGE have ownership interests. In December 2009, the EPA sent a Notice of Violation (NOV) to the co-owners, including MGE. The NOV alleged that WPL and the Columbia co-owners failed to comply with appropriate pre-construction review and permitting requirements and, as a result, violated the Prevention of Significant Deterioration program requirements, Title V Operating Permit requirements of the CAA, and the Wisconsin SIP. In June 2013, the court approved and entered a consent decree entered by the EPA, Sierra Club, and the co-owners of Columbia. One of the requirements of the consent decree requires installation of an SCR system at Columbia Unit 2 by December 31, 2018. Installation of the SCR was approved by the PSCW and the SCR was placed in service in 2018. The consent decree remains open for compliance monitoring, but significant additional operating and capital expenditures are not expected.

 

Renewable Energy Standards

 

Wisconsin law establishes a minimum amount of energy MGE must supply from renewable sources. MGE currently exceeds its minimum requirement of approximately 8%. The costs to comply with this requirement are being recovered in rates.

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Employees

 

As of December 31, 2019, MGE had 731 employees. MGE employs 231 employees who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Local Union 2304 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and 90 employees who are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Local Union No. 39 of the Office and Professional Employees International Union. These collective bargaining agreements expire on April 30, 2023 and May 31, 2023, respectively. There are also 5 employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Local Union No. 2006, Unit 6 of the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial, and Service Workers International Union. This collective bargaining agreement expires on October 31, 2023.

 

Financial Information About Segments

 

See Footnote 22 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for financial information relating to MGE Energy's and MGE's business segments.

 

Information About our Executive Officers

 

As of December 31, 2019, the executive officers of the registrants were as follows:

Executive

Title

Effective

Date

Service

Years as

an Officer

Jeffrey M. Keebler(a)

Chairman of the Board, President, and Chief Executive Officer

10/01/2018

8

Age: 48

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

Senior Vice President – Energy Supply and Planning

03/01/2017

07/23/2015

 

 

 

Assistant VP – Energy Supply and Customer Service

01/01/2012

 

 

 

 

 

Lynn K. Hobbie(b)

Executive Vice President – Marketing and Communications

03/01/2017

25

Age: 61

Senior Vice President – Marketing and Communications

02/01/2000

 

 

 

 

 

Jeffrey C. Newman(a)

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

03/01/2017

22

Age: 57

and Treasurer

 

 

 

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary,

07/23/2015

 

 

and Treasurer

 

 

 

Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer

01/01/2009

 

 

 

 

 

Donald D. Peterson(b)

Vice President – Energy Technology

03/01/2019

4

Age: 60

Assistant Vice President – Strategic Products and Services

07/23/2015

 

 

Executive Director – Energy Products and Services

03/01/2004

 

 

 

 

 

Cari Anne Renlund(b)

Age: 46

Vice President and General Counsel

Dewitt Ross & Stevens S.C. (law firm) – Partner

11/02/2015

06/11 – 10/15

4

 

 

Note: Ages, years of service, and positions as of December 31, 2019.

(a) Executive officer of MGE Energy and MGE.

(b) Executive officer of MGE.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

MGE Energy and our subsidiaries, including MGE, operate in a market environment that involves significant risks, many of which are beyond our control. The following risk factors may adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial position and market price for our publicly traded securities. While we believe we have identified and discussed below the key risk factors affecting our business, additional unknown risks and uncertainties may adversely affect our performance or financial condition in the future.

 

 

 

 

 

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Regulatory Risk

 

We are subject to extensive government regulation in our business, which affects our costs and responsiveness to changing events and circumstances.

 

Our business is subject to regulation at the State and Federal levels. We are subject to regulation as a holding company by the PSCW. The PSCW regulates MGE's rates, terms and conditions of service; various business practices and transactions; financing; and transactions between it and its affiliates, including MGE Energy. MGE is also subject to regulation by the FERC, which regulates certain aspects of its business. ATC, in which we have an investment, is subject to regulation by FERC as to, among other things, rates. The regulations adopted by the State and Federal agencies affect how we do business, our ability to undertake specified actions since pre-approval or authorization may be required for projects, the costs of operations, and the rates charged to recover those costs. Our ability to attract capital also depends, in part, upon our ability to obtain a fair return from the PSCW.

 

Our utility revenues are subject to regulatory proceedings, which can affect our ability to recover, and the timing of recovery of, costs that we incur in our operations.

 

Our utility customer rates have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations, and liquidity. Our ability to obtain adjustments to those rates depends upon timely regulatory action under applicable statues and regulations. Rate regulation is based on providing an opportunity to recover costs that have been reasonably incurred and the ability to earn a reasonable rate of return on invested capital. However, we have no assurance that our regulators will consider all of our costs to have been reasonably incurred. In addition, our rate proceedings may not always result in rates that fully recover our costs or provide a reasonable return on equity (ROE). Certain costs and revenues are deferred as regulatory assets and liabilities for future recovery or refund to customers, as authorized by our regulators. If recovery of regulatory assets is not approved or is no longer deemed probable, these costs would be recognized as a current period expense and could materially and adversely impact our operations and financial performance in that period.

 

We could be subject to higher costs and potential penalties resulting from mandatory reliability standards.

 

MGE must adhere in its electric distribution system to mandatory reliability standards established by NERC. These standards cover areas such as critical infrastructure protection, emergency preparedness, facility design, and transmission operations, among others. The critical infrastructure protection standards focus on physical and access security of cyber assets, as well as incident response and recovery planning. Compliance with these standards affects operating costs and any noncompliance can result in sanctions, including monetary penalties.

 

We are subject to changing environmental laws and regulations that may affect our costs and business plans.

 

MGE Energy's subsidiaries are subject to environmental laws and regulations that affect the manner in which we conduct business, including capital expenditures, operating costs, and potential liabilities. Changes and developments in these laws and evolving regulations may alter or limit our business plans, make them more costly, or expose us to liabilities for past, present, or future operations.

 

Numerous environmental laws and regulations govern many aspects of our present and future operations. These include: air emissions limits and reporting; ambient air quality standards; water quality; water intake and discharges; wetlands; solid and hazardous waste; handling and disposal of hazardous substances; protection of endangered resources, such as threatened and endangered species, protection of cultural resources and archaeological sites; remediation and management of contaminated sites; and control of potential pollution from electric and gas construction sites. These evolving regulations affect us by:

 

Introducing uncertainty into our planning and capital expenditures processes, as changes in requirements may affect the timing and choice of compliance methods and require costly revisions to prior plans and commitments.

Imposing or modifying limits on the operations of our facilities in order to meet restrictions on air emissions, water use or water discharges.

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Requiring capital expenditures and changes in operating procedures and costs as a result of the need to install additional pollution controls or more advanced technology or equipment at new or existing facilities.

Mandating increasing purchases of renewable energy, which affects the use of existing generation, and energy efficiency initiatives, which affect revenues.

 

We may be subject to future laws, regulations, or actions associated with public concern with fossil-fuel generation, greenhouse gases, and the effects of global climate change.

 

Our subsidiaries operate or co-own electric power plants that burn fossil fuels, deliver natural gas, and deliver electricity to customers. These business activities are subject to evolving public concern regarding greenhouse gases (GHG), legislative and regulatory action, and possible litigation in response to that public concern. The primary greenhouse gas associated with our subsidiaries' combustion of fossil fuels, and the largest emission in our system overall, is carbon dioxide (CO2).

 

Our subsidiaries could incur costs from more stringent regulation of GHG from power plants, natural gas delivery, greenhouse gases used in power distribution, and efficiencies lost during power distribution. While the federal government and that of the state in which we operate are unlikely to pass comprehensive greenhouse gas legislation or regulations in the immediate future, future legislation is likely. In addition, litigation by environmental nongovernment organizations targeting GHG emissions from the electric power industry is also likely if the federal government fails to act on greenhouse gas initiatives.

 

Climate change could affect us in several other ways:

 

Changes in weather patterns, including swings in intensity, could affect use of electricity and gas by our customers, affecting revenues; and could affect the condition of our facilities, affecting our costs.

We may also incur costs associated with actions taken due to investor interest in reducing our subsidiaries' reliance on fossil fuel generation, and coal in particular. Investors may also move away from investing in fossil fuel generated electricity for reputational or perceived risk-related reasons, which could raise our costs of attracting capital.

If we are not seen as being proactive in addressing concerns, we may experience reputational issues among our customers and the communities that we serve. Those issues could affect customers’ energy choices, including efforts at self-supply, and could affect the handling and treatment of our rate requests and cost recovery.

 

These matters represent uncertainties in the operation and management of our business.

 

We face risks associated with the passing of the new tax reform.

 

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act) into law. The passing of the law significantly lowered MGE's corporate tax rates and triggers a remeasurement of deferred taxes. We have reflected the impact of the Tax Act in our financial results; however, those estimates could be affected by, and require subsequent adjustment as a result of, clarity and regulatory guidance that develops around the implementation and interpretation of the Tax Act. Furthermore, while regulation allows us to incorporate changes in tax law into the rate-setting process, there will most likely be timing delays before realization of the changes.

 

We face risk for the recovery of fuel and purchased power costs.

 

MGE has price risk exposure with respect to the price of natural gas, electricity, coal, emission credits, and oil. MGE burns natural gas in several of its peak electric generation facilities. In many cases, the cost of purchased power is tied to the cost of natural gas. In the event of an unexpected interruption in energy supply, whether due to equipment problems, transmission constraints, or otherwise, we may incur additional costs to obtain alternative sources of energy supply, in order to meet our contractual or regulatory obligations to our customers. Under the electric fuel rules, MGE is required to defer electric fuel-related costs that fall outside a symmetrical cost tolerance band that is currently plus or minus 2% around the amount approved in its most recent rate order. Any over- or under-recovery of the actual costs in a year is determined in the following year and is then reflected in future billings to electric retail customers. Under the electric fuel rules, MGE is required to defer the benefit of lower

17


 

costs, if its actual fuel costs fall outside the lower end of the range, and is required to defer costs, less any excess revenues, if its actual fuel costs exceed the upper end of the range. Excess revenues are defined as revenues in the year in question that provide MGE with a greater return on common equity than authorized by the PSCW in MGE's latest rate order. MGE assumes the risks and benefits of variances that are within the cost tolerance band.

 

Operating Risk

 

We are affected by weather, which affects customer demand and can affect the operation of our facilities.

 

The demand for electricity and gas is affected by weather. Very warm and very cold temperatures, especially for prolonged periods, can dramatically increase the demand for electricity and gas for cooling and heating, respectively, as opposed to the softening effect of more moderate temperatures. Our electric revenues are sensitive to the summer cooling season and, to a lesser extent, the winter heating season. Similarly, very cold temperatures can dramatically increase the demand for gas for heating. A significant portion of our gas system demand is driven by heating. Extreme summer conditions or storms may stress electric systems, resulting in increased maintenance costs and limiting the ability to meet peak customer demand.

 

We could be adversely affected by changes in the development, and utilization by our customers, of power generation, storage, and use technologies.

 

Our revenues and the timing of the recovery of our costs could be adversely affected by improvements in power generation, storage, and use technology.

 

Advancements in power generation technology, including commercial and residential solar generation installations and commercial micro turbine installations, are improving the cost-effectiveness of customer self-supply of electricity. Improvements in energy storage technology, including batteries and fuel cells, could also better position customers to meet their around-the-clock electricity requirements. Improvements in the energy efficiency of lighting, appliances, and equipment will also affect energy consumption by customers. Such developments could reduce customer purchases of electricity but may not necessarily reduce our investment and operating requirements due to our obligation to serve customers, including those self-supply customers whose equipment has failed for any reason to provide the power they need whether due to inadequate on-site resources, restricted operating hours, or equipment failure. In addition, since a portion of our costs are recovered through charges based upon the volume of power delivered, a reduction in electricity deliveries will affect the timing of our recovery of those costs and may require changes to our rate structures.

 

Changes in power generation, storage, and use technologies could have significant effects on customer behaviors and their energy consumption. Customers could engage in individual conservation efforts by voluntarily reducing their consumption of electricity through changes in energy use and through the use of more energy efficient lighting, appliances, and equipment. They could also change their consumption of electricity from us through the installation of alternative energy sources, such as rooftop solar panels and micro turbines for self-supply. Customer energy conservation could adversely affect our results of operations by reducing our revenues without necessarily changing our operating costs due to our obligation to serve.

 

We are affected by economic activity within our service area.

 

Higher levels of development and business activity generally increase the numbers of customers and their use of electricity and gas. Likewise, recessionary economic conditions generally have an adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

The ability to obtain an adequate supply of coal could limit the ability to operate the co-owned coal-fired facilities from which we receive a significant portion of our electric supply.

 

The availability of coal and the means to transport coal could:

 

Affect our operating costs due to increased costs associated with lower levels of generation or the need for alternate supply or alternate transportation,

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Limit the ability to generate electricity if the plant operator is unable to arrange adequate deliveries of coal, and

Result in potentially higher costs for replacement purchased power as well as potential lost market sales opportunities.

 

A significant portion of our electric generating capacity is dependent on coal. Demand for coal has been impacted by prevailing prices for natural gas and may affect mine performance. Consequently, we are exposed to the risk that counterparties to these contracts will not be able to fulfill their obligations. Disruption in the delivery of fuel, including disruptions as a result of transportation delays, weather, labor relations, force majeure events, or environmental regulations affecting any of our fuel suppliers, could limit our ability to generate electricity at our facilities at the desired level. Should counterparties fail to perform, or other unplanned disruptions occur, we may be forced to fulfill the underlying obligation at higher prices. The plant operators may also be forced to reduce generation at our coal units and causing us to replace this generation through additional power purchases from third parties. These factors may also affect the terms under which any of the existing coal supply or transportation agreements are renewed or replaced upon the expiration of their current terms.

 

Our ability to manage our purchased power costs is influenced by a number of uncontrollable factors.

 

We are exposed to additional purchased power costs to the extent that our power needs cannot be fully covered by the supplies available from our existing facilities and contractual arrangements. Those needs, and our costs, could be affected by:

 

Increased demand due to, for example, abnormal weather, customer growth, or customer obligations,

The inability to transmit our contracted power from the generation source to our customers due to transmission line constraints, outages, or equipment failures,

Reductions in the availability of power from our owned or contracted generation sources due to equipment failures, shortages of fuel or environmental limitations on operations, and

Failure to perform on the part of any party from which we purchase capacity or energy, whether due to equipment failures, transmission constraints or other causes.

 

An unexpected change in demand or the availability of generation or transmission facilities can expose us to increased costs of sourcing electricity in the short-term market where pricing may be more volatile.

 

The equipment and facilities in our operational system are subject to risks that may adversely affect our financial performance.

 

Weather conditions, accidents, and catastrophic events can result in damage or failures of equipment or facilities and disrupt or limit our ability to generate, transmit, transport, purchase, or distribute electricity and gas. Efforts to repair or replace equipment and facilities may take place over prolonged periods or may be unsuccessful. We may also be unable to make the necessary improvements to our operational system, causing service interruptions. Furthermore, our facilities are interconnected with third-party transmission providers. Damage to or failures of these providers' equipment or facilities is out of our control but could lead to service interruptions. The resulting interruption of services would result in lost revenues and additional costs. We are also exposed to the risk of accidents or other incidents that could result in damage to or destruction of our facilities or damage to persons or property. Such issues could adversely affect revenues or increase costs to repair and maintain our systems.

 

Our operations and confidential information are subject to the risk of cyber-attacks.

 

Our operations rely on sophisticated information technology systems and networks. Cyber-attacks targeting our electronic control systems used at our generating facilities and for electric and gas distribution systems, including denial of service and ransomware attacks, could result in a full or partial disruption of our operations. Any disruption of these operations could result in a loss of service to customers and loss of revenue, as well as significant expense to repair system damage and remedy security breaches.

 

Our business requires the collection and retention of personally identifiable information of our customers, shareholders, and employees, who expect that we will adequately protect such information. A significant theft, loss, or fraudulent use of personally identifiable information may cause our business reputation to be adversely

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impacted and could lead to potentially large costs to notify and protect the impacted persons. The occurrence of such an event may cause us to become subject to legal claims, fines, or penalties, any of which could adversely impact our results of operations.

 

The safeguards we have may not always be effective due to the evolving nature of cyber-attacks. We cannot guarantee that such protections will be completely successful in the event of a cyber-attack. If the technology systems were to fail or be breached by a cyber-attack, and not be recovered in a timely fashion, we may be unable to fulfill critical business functions and confidential data could be compromised, adversely impacting our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We rely on the performance of our information technology systems, the failure of which could have an adverse effect on our business and performance.

 

We operate in a highly engineered industry that requires the continued operation of sophisticated information technology systems and network infrastructure to manage our finances, to operate our control facilities, to provide electric and gas service to our customers, and to enable compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. Our computer-based systems are vulnerable to interruption or failure due to the age of certain systems, the introduction of viruses, malware, ransomware, security breaches, fire, power loss, system malfunction, network outages and other events that may be beyond our control. System interruptions or failures, whether isolated or more widespread, could impact our ability to provide service to our customers, which could have a material adverse effect on our operations and financial performance.

 

Catastrophic and unpredictable events could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

A terrorist attack, war, natural disaster, pandemic virus or disease, or other catastrophic or unpredictable event could adversely affect our future revenues, expenses and operating results by: interrupting our normal business operations; causing employee absences or casualties, including loss of our key employees; interrupting or affecting supplier operations; requiring substantial expenditures and expenses to repair, replace and restore normal business operations; and reducing investor confidence. Facilities for electric generation, transmission, and gas and electric distribution are potential targets of terrorist threats and activities. A terrorist act or catastrophic event at our facilities or the facilities of other companies to which we are interconnected could result in a disruption of our ability to generate, transmit, transport, purchase, or distribute electricity or natural gas. Such an event would have additional adverse effects, including environmental ramifications, increased security and insurance costs, as well as general economic volatility or uncertainty within our service territories. The inability to maintain operational continuity and any additional costs incurred for repairing our facilities or making alternative arrangements could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We face construction risk in connection with the completion of significant capital projects.

 

Our capital projects, such as our renewable generation projects, are subject to various risks that could cause costs to increase or delays in completion. These risks include shortages of, the inability to obtain, the cost of, and the consistency of, labor, materials and equipment; the inability of the contractors to perform under their contracts; the inability to agree to terms of contracts or disputes in contract terms; work stoppages; adverse weather conditions; the inability to obtain necessary permits in a timely manner; changes in applicable laws or regulations; adverse interpretation or enforcement of permit conditions; governmental actions; legal action; and unforeseen engineering or technology issues. If a capital project is over budget, we may not be able to recover excess costs. Inability to recover excess costs, or inability to complete the project in a timely manner, could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Our stated long-term goals are based on various assumptions and beliefs that may not prove to be achievable in the time frame projected. 

 

Some of our current long-term goals include MGE's targeting of a net‐zero carbon electricity by 2050 and MGE's Energy 2030 framework, which describes our plan for growth in renewables generation. MGE is working to achieve a more sustainable energy future using cost‐effective renewable generation technologies. Management established these goals in conjunction with our board of directors based upon a number of different internal and external factors that characterize and influence our current and expected future activities. These long-term goals

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are based on certain assumptions including the timing, scope and relative costs of technological advancements, including generation, storage and energy use technologies; customer participation in programs and partnerships will be critical to the achievement of the goals; our ability to transition or displace existing coal-fired resources on an ongoing basis; our ability to complete renewable generation projects in a timely manner and within approved budgets; our ability to obtain recovery of costs in rates; and our ability to obtain the necessary permits or licenses for such projects. These assumptions may prove to differ materially from actual future results. Accordingly, we may not achieve our stated long-term goals in the timeframe projected.

 

Failure to successfully manage the implementation of our Enterprise Forward corporate initiative could adversely affect our operations.

 

MGE committed to undertake a multi-year information technology project aimed at transforming our foundational customer engagement capabilities and enabling it to be flexible in delivering new products and services as outlined in our energy 2030 framework. These objectives are expected to be accomplished through the implementation of a new customer information and billing system, and enterprise resource planning platform, along with other solutions that meet the goals of the initiative. Integrating new systems is complex, costly and time consuming and could result in performance delays and errors. If the systems and related processes do not operate as intended, it could result in disruptions to our business as well as unrecoverable excess costs. Inability to recover excess capital and operating costs, or inability to implement the project successfully and in a timely manner, could adversely impact our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We do not own all of the land on which our facilities are located, and we access certain facilities through rights-of-way which could disrupt our operations.

 

We do not own all of the land on which certain of our facilities are located, and we are, therefore, subject to the risk of increased costs to maintain necessary land use. We obtain the rights to construct and operate certain of our related facilities on land owned by third parties for a specific period of time. Our loss of these rights, through our inability to renew right-of-way contracts on acceptable terms or increased costs to renew such rights, could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

 

Failure to attract and retain an appropriately qualified workforce could affect our operations.

 

An aging workforce and the retirement of key employees without appropriate replacements may lead to operating challenges and increased costs. Some of the challenges include lack of resources, loss of knowledge, and time required for replacement employees to develop necessary skills. Failure to identify qualified replacement employees could result in decreased productivity and increased safety costs. If we are unable to attract and retain an appropriately qualified workforce, our operations could be negatively affected.

 

Financial Risk

 

We are exposed to commodity price risk relating to our purchases of natural gas, electricity, coal, oil, and environmental allowances.

 

We face commodity price risk exposure with respect to the purchase of natural gas, electricity, coal, oil, and environmental allowances. We also face risk through our use of derivatives such as futures, forwards, and swaps, to manage our commodity price risk. We could experience increased costs as a result of volatility in the market values of those commodities. We could also experience losses on our derivative contracts as a result of that market value volatility or if a counterparty fails to perform under a contract. In the absence of actively quoted market prices and pricing information from external sources, the valuation of these derivative contracts involves our exercise of judgment and use of estimates. As a result, changes in the underlying assumptions or use of alternative valuation methods could affect the reported fair value of these contracts.

 

Our business is concentrated in Wisconsin.

 

Our business activities, including those of our subsidiaries, are concentrated in Wisconsin. Changes in the economies of Wisconsin and surrounding regions could negatively impact the growth opportunities available to us and our subsidiaries, and the financial condition of our customers and prospects.

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Future construction and development costs could exceed our forecasts, and our cash flow from construction and development projects may not be immediate, which may limit our liquidity and affect our financial position.

 

Our long-term goals contemplate significant expenditures for the development, construction or other acquisition of energy infrastructure assets. The construction of new assets involves numerous regulatory, environmental, legal, political, materials and labor cost and operational risks that are difficult to predict and subject to matters beyond our control. As a result, we may not be able to complete our projects at the budgeted costs or within the time periods we have projected. There can also be no assurance that we can recover capital expenditures through regulated customer rates. If our capital expenditures exceed the budgeted levels, we will have to finance these overruns through cash from operations, delaying other projects or additional financing. Any or all of these methods may not be available when or in the amounts needed or may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Further, our revenues and cash flows may not increase immediately following our expenditure of funds on a particular project, which could affect our liquidity and financial position.

 

Interest rate movements and market performance affects our employee benefit plan costs.

 

Prevailing interest rates affect our assessment and determination of discount rates and are a key assumption in the determination of the costs and funding of our defined benefit pension plans. Changes in rates may impact the amount of expense and timing of contributions to those plans. The performance of the capital markets affects the values of the assets that are held in trust to satisfy the future obligations under our pension and postretirement benefit plans. We have significant obligations in these areas and hold significant assets in these trusts. A decline in the market value of those assets may increase our current and longer-term funding requirements for these obligations. Changes in the value of trust fund assets may affect the level of required contributions to these trusts to meet benefit obligations. Reduced benefit plan assets could result in increased benefit costs in future years and may increase the amount and accelerate the timing of required future funding contributions.

 

We are exposed to interest rate risk.

 

We are exposed to interest rate risk on our variable rate financing. Borrowing levels under commercial paper arrangements vary from period to period depending upon capital investments and other factors. Such interest rate risk means that we are exposed to increased financing costs and associated cash payments as a result of changes in the short-term interest rates.

 

We are exposed to credit risk primarily through our regulated energy business.

 

Credit risk is the loss that may result from counterparty nonperformance. We face credit risk primarily through MGE's regulated energy business. Failure of contractual counterparties to perform their obligations under purchase power agreements, commodity supply arrangements, or other agreements may result in increased expenses for MGE as a result of being forced to cover the shortfall in the spot or short-term market, where prices may be more volatile.

 

As a holding company, we are dependent on upstream cash flows from our subsidiaries for the payment of dividends on our common stock.

 

As a holding company, we have no operations of our own, and our ability to pay dividends on our common stock is dependent on the earnings and cash flows of our operating subsidiaries and their ability to pay upstream dividends or to repay funds to us. Our subsidiaries have financial obligations that must be satisfied before funding us. These obligations include debt service and obligations to trade creditors, among others. Our subsidiaries are also subject to contractual and regulatory restrictions on the payment of dividends.

 

Disruptions in the financial markets or changes to our credit ratings may affect our ability to finance at a reasonable cost and in accordance with our planned schedule.

 

The credit markets have experienced disruption and uncertainty in prior years. To the extent that such issues affect the ability or willingness of credit providers or investors to participate in the credit markets or particular types of investments, or affect their perception of the risk associated with particular types of investments, our cost

22


 

of borrowing could be affected. Furthermore, if we are unable to access the capital and credit markets on favorable terms, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and liquidity and our ability to repay or refinance our debt. We also rely on our credit ratings to access the credit markets. If our credit ratings are downgraded for any reason, borrowing costs would increase, the number of potential investors could decrease, or we could be required to provide additional credit assurance, including cash collateral, to contract counterparties.

 

Our insurance coverage may not be sufficient to cover losses caused by an operating failure or catastrophic events, including severe weather events, or it may not be available at a reasonable cost, or available at all.

 

We may experience increased costs and difficulties in obtaining insurance coverage for risks that could arise from our ordinary operations. We or our contractors and customers could continue to experience coverage reductions and/or increased insurance costs in future years. No assurance can be given that future losses will not exceed the limits of our insurance coverage. Uninsured losses and increases in the cost of insurance may not be recoverable in customer rates. A loss that is not fully insured or cannot be recovered in customer rates could materially affect our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and cash flows. In addition, we are unable to predict whether we would be allowed to recover in rates the increased costs of insurance or the costs of any uninsured losses. If the amount of insurance is insufficient or otherwise unavailable, or if we are unable to obtain insurance at a reasonable cost or recover in rates the costs of any uninsured losses, our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and cash flows could be materially affected.

 

General economic conditions may affect our operating revenues and our counterparty risks.

 

Operational

MGE Energy's and MGE's operations are affected by local, national and worldwide economic conditions. The consequences of a prolonged period of reduced economic activity may include lower demand for energy, uncertainty regarding energy prices and the capital and commodity markets, and increased credit risk. A decline in energy consumption may adversely affect our revenues and future growth. Increased credit risk reflects the risk that our retail customers will not pay their bills in a timely manner or at all, which may lead to a reduction in liquidity and an eventual increase in bad debt expense.

 

Counterparty creditworthiness

Credit risk also includes the risk that trading counterparties that owe us money or product will breach their obligations. MGE's risk management policy is to limit transactions to a group of high-quality counterparties. Should the counterparties to these arrangements fail to perform, we may be forced to enter into alternative arrangements. In that event, our financial results could be adversely affected and we could incur losses.

 

The stock market can be volatile, and various factors, could cause our stock price to decline.

 

The stock market has experienced, and may continue to experience, fluctuations that significantly impact the market prices of securities issued by many companies. Many factors affect the volatility and price of our common stock in addition to our operating results and prospects, including economic conditions changes locally and in the broader economy. These conditions include technological change, the level of interest rates and yields on other investments, and the effects of the other risk factors discussed in this report. Our stock price could fluctuate significantly in response to our quarterly or annual results, as well as factors affecting the broader economy that are beyond our control.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

MGE Energy and MGE

 

None.

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Item 2. Properties.

 

Electric Generation

 

Net summer rated capacity in service as of December 31, 2019, was as follows:

Plants

 

Location

 

Commercial Operation Date

 

Fuel

 

Net Summer Rated Capacity (MW)(a)

 

No. of Units

Steam plants:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columbia

 

Portage, WI

 

1975 & 1978

 

Low-sulfur coal

 

217(b)(c)

 

2

Blount

 

Madison, WI

 

1957 & 1961

 

Gas

 

94(f)

 

2

WCCF

 

Madison, WI

 

2005

 

Gas/oil

 

130(d)

 

2

Elm Road Units

 

Oak Creek, WI

 

2010 & 2011

 

Coal

 

105(b)(e)

 

2

Combustion turbines

 

Madison, WI

 

1964-2000

 

Gas/oil

 

144(f)

 

6

 

 

Marinette, WI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portable generators

 

Madison, WI

 

1998-2019

 

Diesel

 

49(f)

 

57

Wind turbines

 

Townships of Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Red River, WI

 

1999

 

Wind

 

1(f)(g)

 

17

 

 

Township of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brookfield, IA

 

2008

 

Wind

 

4(f)(h)

 

18

 

 

Counties of Dodge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

and Fond du Lac, WI

 

2008(i)

 

Wind

 

3(i)

 

86

 

 

Howard County, IA

 

2019

 

Wind

 

8(f)(j)

 

33

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

755

 

 

 

(a)Net summer rated capacity is determined by annual testing and may vary from year to year due to, among other things, the operating and physical conditions of the units.

(b)Baseload generation.

(c)MGE's share. See "Columbia" below.

(d)Facility is jointly owned. Based on the terms of the joint plant agreement between MGE and the UW, the UW has the ability to reduce net capability of these units by approximately 17 MW in the summer. The net summer rated capacity shown reflects this decrease. See "WCCF" below.

(e)MGE's share. See "Elm Road Units" below.

(f)These facilities are owned by MGE.

(g)Nameplate capacity rating is 11.2 MW.

(h)Nameplate capacity rating is 29.7 MW.

(i) Facility is jointly owned with WPL and WPSC. Power from this facility is shared in proportion to each owner's ownership interest. Nameplate capacity rating of the MGE-owned portion is 17.6 MW. Commercial operation date of facility is 2008; MGE purchased its ownership interest in 2018.

(j)Nameplate capacity rating is 66.0 MW. Expected net summer rated capacity based on historical results in the area of the wind farm.

 

Columbia

MGE and two other utilities jointly own Columbia, a coal-fired generating facility consisting of two 556 MW units, which, as of December 31, 2019, accounted for 29% of MGE's net summer rated capacity. Power from this facility is shared in proportion to each owner's ownership interest. As of December 31, 2019, MGE had a 19.1% ownership interest in Columbia. The other owners are WPL, which operates Columbia, and WPSC. The Columbia units burn low-sulfur sub-bituminous coal obtained from the Powder River Basin coal fields located in Wyoming. The coal inventory supply for the Columbia units increased from approximately 46 days as of December 31, 2018, to approximately 70 days as of December 31, 2019. See "Executive Overview" under Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, for a discussion of the reduction in MGE's ownership share in Columbia that commenced in January 2017 and will continue through a final adjustment in June 2020.

 

Elm Road Units

MGE Power Elm Road and two other owners own undivided interests in the Elm Road Units, consisting of two 615 MW units, which, as of December 31, 2019, accounted for 14% of MGE's net summer rated capacity. Power from these units is shared in proportion to each owner's ownership interest. MGE Power Elm Road owns an 8.33% ownership interest in the Elm Road Units, and its interest in the Elm Road Units is leased to MGE. The other owners are Wisconsin Energy Corporation, which operates the units, and WPPI Energy, Inc. The Elm Road Units burn bituminous coal obtained from northern West Virginia and southwestern Pennsylvania, and sub-bituminous coal from the Powder River Basin in Wyoming. MGE's share of the coal inventory supply for the Elm Road Units

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decreased from approximately 56 days as of December 31, 2018, to approximately 53 days as of December 31, 2019.

 

MGE leases MGE Power Elm Road's ownership interest in the Elm Road Units pursuant to two separate facility leases. The financial terms of each facility lease include a capital structure of 55% equity and 45% long-term debt, return on equity of 12.7%, and a lease term of 30 years. At the end of the respective lease terms, MGE may, at its option, renew the facility lease for an additional term, purchase the leased ownership interest at fair market value, or allow the lease to end. The Unit 1 and Unit 2 leases commenced with the commercial operation of each respective unit.

 

WCCF

MGE Power West Campus and the UW jointly own undivided interests in a natural gas-fired cogeneration facility on the UW campus. The facility has the capacity to produce 30,000 tons of chilled water, 500,000 pounds per hour of steam, and approximately 150 MW of electricity. The UW owns 45% of the facility, which represents its interest in the chilled-water and steam assets. These assets are used to meet a part of the UW's need for air-conditioning and steam-heat capacity. MGE Power West Campus owns 55% of the facility, which represents its interest in the electric generating assets. These assets are used to provide electricity to MGE's customers. The UW's share of the plant and portion of the earnings from the WCCF are not reflected in the consolidated financial statements of MGE Energy or MGE. MGE Power West Campus' share of the plant is reflected in property, plant, and equipment on MGE Energy's and MGE's consolidated balance sheets.

 

MGE leases the electric generating assets owned by MGE Power West Campus and is responsible for operating the entire facility. The financial terms of the facility lease include a capital structure of 53% equity and 47% long-term debt, return on equity of 12.1%, and a lease term of 30 years. At the end of the lease term in 2035, MGE may, at its option, renew the facility lease for an additional term, purchase the generating facility at fair market value, or allow the lease contract to end.

 

Electric and Gas Distribution Facilities

 

As of December 31, 2019, MGE owned 861 miles of overhead electric distribution line and 1,246 miles of underground electric distribution cable, all of which are located in Wisconsin. These electric distribution facilities are connected by approximately 52 substations, installed with a capacity of 1,202,500 kVA. MGE's gas facilities include 2,945 miles of distribution mains, which are all owned by MGE.

 

A significant portion of MGE's electric and gas distribution facilities are located above or underneath highways, streets, other public places, or property that others own. MGE believes that it has satisfactory rights to use those places or property in the form of permits, grants, easements, and licenses; however, it has not necessarily undertaken to examine the underlying title to the land upon which the rights rest.

 

Encumbrances

 

The principal plants and properties of MGE are subject to the lien of its Indenture of Mortgage and Deed of Trust dated as of January 1, 1946, as amended and supplemented, under which MGE's first mortgage bonds are issued. As of December 31, 2019, there were $1.2 million of first mortgage bonds outstanding. MGE Power Elm Road has collaterally assigned its right to lease payments from MGE for the Elm Road Units in order to secure the repayment of $54.6 million of senior secured notes issued by MGE Power Elm Road. MGE Power West Campus has collaterally assigned its right to lease payments from MGE for the WCCF in order to secure the repayment of $39.7 million of senior secured notes issued by MGE Power West Campus. See Footnote 14 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for additional information regarding these First Mortgage Bonds and the entitlement of certain senior notes to be equally and ratably secured if MGE issues additional first mortgage bonds.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

MGE Energy and MGE

 

MGE Energy and its subsidiaries, including MGE, from time to time are involved in various legal proceedings that are handled and defended in the ordinary course of business.

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See "Environmental" under Item 1. Business and Footnote 16.a. of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for a description of several environmental proceedings involving MGE. See Footnote 16.b. of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report for a description of other legal matters.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

MGE Energy and MGE - Not applicable.

 

PART II.

Item 5. Market for Registrants' Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters, and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Market for Common Equity

 

MGE Energy

 

MGE Energy common stock is traded on Nasdaq under the symbol MGEE. As of January 31, 2020, there were approximately 38,568 shareholders of record. For additional information regarding dividends and dividend restrictions, see Footnote 15 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in this Report.

 

MGE

 

As of January 31, 2020, there were 17,347,894 outstanding shares of MGE common stock, all of which were held by MGE Energy. There is no market for shares of common stock of MGE.

 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

MGE Energy

 

 

Period

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased

 

Average Price Paid per Share

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(a)